Here, we would highlight essential nutrients that can be found in foods sourcing from plants. We would also highlight the required nutrients we gain when we take foods that have their sources from animals
For every human being we recommend a daily intake of nutrients, required for the proper functioning of the body. Overly exceeding or lacking a specific nutrient is very disastrous to the body, and is known to be the primary cause of diseases and infections in the body.
There are macronutrients such as carbohydrates, fats and protein; also, there are micronutrients such as vitamins and many minerals.
The body needs macronutrients in very large quantities, but for micronutrients the body needs them in generally small quantities.
First we shall consider carbohydrates, and here we shall consider foods that have high levels of carbohydrates in them, so that when we are making a picking of a food choice we would be selective enough to ensure that what we are going in for is truly what we desire.
This in a long way, would help us know which foods are conducive for us to take when it comes to times we seek a high level of carbohydrate, and also know to avoid them, during times we seek no such thing at all.
Now refined foods from plants, prominently, flour has very high levels of carbohydrate. We can therefore, presume that most bread, cookies and biscuits sold on the market have high carbohydrates.
For carbohydrates, sugars like; glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose can be present also. Therefore a wide group of candy, soft drinks, jam, and even, table sugar can be considered as have high levels of carbohydrates.
All these are foods that can supply a high level of calories for the body.
Starchy foods like yam and cassava also have an adequate amount of carbohydrates. Other sources of foods that are also rich in carbohydrates are maize, rice, wheat and beans.
They also have a high amount of energy in them, and we should take them frequently.
Fats are generally classified as unsaturated fat or saturated fat. In fats you can also find essential fatty acids, which are known to be an important dietary requirement.
Foods known to be rich in fats include bacon, pork, sausage, beef and veal. Butter and cheese for spreads are also not left out, they too have very high levels of fats, and know that, when you consider to add more to bread or burgers.
But they are very relevant in helping the body insulate against shocks, as well as maintaining body temperature.
More importantly, they aid the free movement of fat-soluble vitamins around the body for absorption, digestion and transportation.
Next is, Protein. This is also considered to be an element we need in high quantities.
Proteins can be found in a wide range of foods. Some of these include; legumes, cereals, grains, meat, dairy products, eggs, soy, and fish.
You can consider to derive a high amount of protein whenever you take ice-cream, yogurt, soymilk, as well as, egg or meat filled stews.
Proteins generally act as enzymes to catalyze chemical reactions. Also, they contain amino acids which proves to be an essential component of a diet. Like carbohydrates, proteins act very well in providing energy for the body.
Apart from these main macronutrients there are other essential minerals found in foods which prove to be required by the body in high quantities.
These are calcium, magnesium and potassium. They can also be termed as macrominerals since they are minerals that are required by the body in high quantities.
The rest of the nutrients are what we would consider to be micronutrients. These chiefly includes vitamins and the other minerals.
You cannot stay healthy and fit just by taking in macronutrients, for micronutrients are equally important and must be consumed in an adequate measure.
For when there is a shortage, there is always proof of a deficiency showing up in the body.
For example, vitamin C also popularly known as ascorbic acid can prove to be very essential for the body, though it can be considered as a micronutrient.
Just by having a deficiency of this popular vitamin, you receive and scurvy attack on your body.
The same has to do with other vitamins and minerals that have not been highlighted in this material. For by taking an inadequate amount, or lacking the nutrient, you present yourself to illnesses that could have been controlled had you been more conscious about how you go about you dieting.
Other vitamins known to be relevant for our dietary intake include vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K.
Some of these vitamins would be considered to be water soluble while others would be fat soluble. Now, apart from vitamin B and C, all other vitamins would be regarded as fat soluble.
Vitamins primarily ensure the normal growth and development of the human body. Also you can count that, fruit and vegetables account to be a major contributor of vitamins for the body.
Because of the many health benefits derived from vitamin, health supplements have been created in a mass amount and sold in pharmaceutical shops.
Now there are vitamin A, C and E supplements on the market. These supplements notably help us to be capable of meeting the daily requirements of those vitamins.
Dietary supplements are there to save us, and have us meet the daily requirements of those nutrients. Now, regarding minerals we shall highlight a few popular ones we already know. Therefore, let us have a quick dive into calcium, magnesium, potassium, and salt (sodium and chloride).
For calcium, it plays a vital role in bone building. Also, it regulates the contraction of muscles, nerves, and even the proper clotting of blood.
Additionally, magnesium helps in lowering blood pressure so that body abnormalities like hypertension would be far from the body.
Taking the case of potassium, it is well known to prevent hypertension just like magnesium.
Potassium is also very vital for the body that, just like vitamins there are also supplements solely having its main content to be potassium.
For salt, we all know its benefit to humans, so we almost all the time include them in our diets. Even if not for anything at all, we understand they are going to make our stews tasty, and spices well-seasoned. But salt(sodium-chloride) does more than just that. It is a compound containing essential nutrients; sodium and chloride, and these help our muscles as well as nerves function just like the way they have to.
Now apart from macro and micro nutrients, we are not going to leave out water. For water is a major constituent of most food substances.
What primarily water does in food substance is to help the free transportation of these essential macro and micro nutrients, and also ensure that toxins find their way to be excreted out of the body.
They therefore are also worth mentioning, and so, it remains incumbent on us to regularly consume water just like we would, wholesome food substances.